The Price of Freedom
Rabbi Dov Fischer - The Jewish Journal of Los Angeles - February 2, 2001
It is just plain awful when people decide that it is OK to cheat and steal in the name of Torah.
To facilitate pidyon shvuyim (redeeming captive Jews from secular
prisons) we are commanded to go so far as to sell a community's Torah
scroll. Yet it is hard to rejoice that Bill Clinton pardoned four
chassidim from the village of New Square, N.Y., along with an alleged tax
evader who donated megabucks to Israel. In contrast to the complex moral
and ethical questions that grated pro-and-con during discussions over the
possible pardons of Michael Milken *(See J4JP Clarification) and Jonathan Jay Pollard, there is
something unequivocally outrageous in Clinton's decisions to pardon the
four Squarer chassidim and the international oil merchant whose dealings
prompted the Justice Department to allege, among other things, tax
evasion and trading illegally with Iran.
I come from humble roots. My Dad sold toys and stationery goods as a
wholesaler in New York City's Lower East Side, working six days a week
for his brother. My parents did not go to college. We were not
well-connected. We were not connected. When I wanted to go to Columbia
for college, I had to figure out how to get accepted on my own, and I had
to figure out how to pay my way through the Ivy League. No one helped.
Later, when it came time for Yeshiva University (YU) to place me after I
had studied for smicha (ordination), I had no well-connected relatives,
no big donors, no name rabbis in my family. So YU's rabbinical placement
office tried to farm me off to a synagogue in Christchurch, New Zealand.
I could have been the grand rabbi of Christchurch. When I refused, they
tried to sell me on Cape Town, South Africa. And then one last option:
Wichita, Kan. They would not give me a shot at anything near a
significant Jewish community, choice ground reserved for the chosen and
the connected. So I had to find a big-city congregation on my own. And to
me, that is the American dream: making it on one's own.
Clinton came in as the "man from a place called Hope," the '60s idealist
who could feel the pain of the little guy. Clinton's dad had left his
mom, and his mom had left him to be reared by a grandmother or an aunt
while she worked long hours. When his stepfather threatened to punch out
his mom, Clinton stood up to the bully. From such beginnings, he made it
to Yale and then became a Rhodes scholar. It was a great story, much true
and admirable. But over eight years, he closed the book on his own story.
Soon, he was renting out the Lincoln Bedroom as if it were his personal
Motel 6 for rich donors. He abused his position of power, and now he has
bequeathed a legacy stained by granting pardons to four crooks whose
village grand rabbi effectively has been deemed to have delivered 340
votes for each pardon. Similarly, Clinton has pardoned an alleged
tax-evader who chose two decades of European exile to the alternative of
arguing his innocence in an American court of law - and whose ex-wife
helped raise some million dollars to Democratic Party candidates and
causes, then beseeched Clinton for a pardon. Those four Chassidim defiled
everything that is remotely holy in Judaism as they cheated society out
of approximately $40 million dollars, creating a bogus yeshiva built on
lies. But the grand rabbi had delivered a bloc of more than 1,300 votes
to Hillary. And, as Hillary has written, "It Takes a Village."
So Teddy Roosevelt's legacy to America was the Square Deal. Franklin
Roosevelt's legacy was the New Deal. And, for all their posturing through
the 1990s as populists for the little guy in the Roosevelt traditions,
the Clintons' legacy to America is the "New Square Deal."
There should be a problem with the calculus that if I steal $10 million
dollars and keep $9 million of the loot for myself but disperse the
remaining $1 million to charitable causes, then I deserve to be guest of
honor at an institution's annual dinner dance. There seems something far
more noble in the person who never gets honored but who awakes at 5:30 in
the morning, lays tefillin, prays to G-d, goes to work, works hard and
accounts for every penny, davens again, feeds a family honestly though
humbly, comes home late at night, perhaps after finishing a second job
because it takes two jobs to break even, then davens a third time and
drops into bed from exhaustion after spending a few moments with the
children to teach them values like love, honor, respect, honesty,
loyalty, trust, devotion.
It really is horrible, just plain awful, when people who proudly boast
that they do not read newspapers and who think that all non-Jews are
reincarnated Chmielnitzki Cossacks and Russian pogromists, decide that it
is OK to cheat and steal in the name of our Torah. The United States is a
warm, kind, and generous country. There is no anti-Jewish head-tax here.
And the only ghettoes in which Jews reside in America are those that Jews
voluntarily create for themselves, while the only walls within which Jews
are enclosed are those at the exclusive "gated communities" for which
residents pay a premium.
This mess has become the first Great American Scandal of 2001, occupying
the center of the nation's news and gossip for two weeks. When one
considers the extraordinary efforts expended by many American Jews to win
mercy for Jonathan Pollard, as well as the efforts to gain forgiveness
for Michael Milken after the setbacks in his personal life and all he has
done for children and their teachers since paying his debt to society, it
is humiliating and downright degrading that the outgoing President of the
United States has saddled our community with this legacy of shame for the
American history books.
We always speak of the "price of freedom." Now we know that price in two
forms of currency: cash and ballots.
The Milken Clemency Bid Vs the Pollard Clemency Bid
In the essay above, the author does not differentiate between the cases of Michael Milken and Jonathan Pollard but discusses them concurrently, falsely conveying the impression that there is some kind of equivalence between the two cases and their respective bids for executive clemency.
The common thread for Rabbi Fischer is that both Milken and Pollard were refused clemency by out-going President Bill Clinton. Yet Fisher does not point out that for one, Milken, clemency was sought only in order to restore his good name; and for the other, Pollard, clemency was sought as means of regaining his freedom and saving his life.
Michael Milken is not in prison!
Milken was sentenced to prison on November 21, 1990. He served
22 months in a low security facility and was then released. Milken has been a free man ever since.
In his application for clemency, Milken requested a pardon. A pardon is a legal device which restores those civil rights which are taken away from any American convicted of a criminal offense. Among those rights are the right to vote and the right to own firearms.
A pardon request is not a matter of life and death, and is not considered the mitzvah of pidyan shvuyim, since there is no issue of captivity.
Unlike Milken, Jonathan Pollard is in prison!
Pollard was sentenced to prison November 21, 1987. He is now serving his with no end in sight. Pollard is serving the longest, harshest sentence of any one ever convicted of a similar offense in the United States.
On September 20, 2000, attorneys for Jonathan Pollard filed a motion in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, seeking to vacate his sentence.
The motion documents a number of fundamental and serious deficiencies that occurred in connection with Jonathan Pollard's sentencing proceeding, in violation of his constitutional right to be sentenced on the basis of truth, not falsehood, and in violation of his constitutional right to have the United States government honor its commitments under its plea agreement.
In light of the above, in his application for clemency Jonathan Pollard requested commutation. That is, he sought to have his life sentence commuted to the 16 years he has already served and to be set free. Unlike Milken, Pollard's case is considered the mitzvah of pidyan shvuyim (the redemption of a captive) in the extreme.
The author's tacitly implying that there is equal disappointment in President Clinton's refusal to pardon Michael Milken, as there is in his refusal to commute Jonathan Pollard's sentence and finally set him free, is absurd.
See Also: The Clemency Page